Proposed Phase I activities aim to achieve the following outcomes/ targets by the end of this first phase:
(Monitoring of Service providers/ operator’s license to ensure)

  1. Minimum 3 hours of daily supply of potable water;*
  2. Quality of water at consumers tap end will be of NDWQ standards
  3. Reduced unaccounted for water; (less than 20%)
  4. Good consumer relations;
  5. Improved management of services;
  6. Functional sewerage treatment plants;
  7. Comfortable access to new connection.
  8. Easy access and subsidized tariff for disadvantaged groups;
  9. Full regulation and licensing of all service providers in the Kathmandu Valley, including tanker suppliers and deep tube-wells;
  10. Full licensing and monitoring of deep tube wells within the Kathmandu Valley;
  11. Successful implementation of optimization and water resource management measures for the water resources, both surface and groundwater, within the Kathmandu Valley catchments;
  12. Development and operationaligation of an Urban Water Services Resource Center within the KVWSMB;
  13. Implementation of the policy of conjunctive use of surface and ground water sources;
  14. Successful protection and rehabilitation of traditional water sources within the Kathmandu Valley, such as stone spouts, ponds and wells as a part of demand management;
  15. Successful implementation of a Capital Investment Plan, through the service provider, for developing the existing water services system in the Kathmandu Valley with adequate allowance for future expansion,


The following activities will be carried out in Phase I to achieve the above mentioned outcomes:

  1. Prepare policies, regulations and guidelines in order to meet the mandate and objectives of KVWSMB;
  2. Prepare a financial model outlining the cash flow situation for Phase I, and conduct financial management of assets & liabilities;
  3. Provide license and enter into lease agreement to the water services provider or utility operator for the Kathmandu Valley;
  4. Monitor compliance of the operator with conditions of the license and lease agreement;
  5. Conduct demand management activities such as:
    • Liaise with the service providers to adopt the optimization and conjunctive use (of groundwater and surface water) measures;
    • Protect and rehabilitate the traditional water sources within Kathmandu Valley, such as stone spouts, ponds and wells as a part of demand management; and
    • Promote and implement rainwater harvesting measures where possible; and
    • Increase shallow well recharge by securing public areas/promoting private areas to be used for rainwater impounding; etc.
  6. Prepare a database of all deep tube wells extracting groundwater within Kathmandu Valley and prepare and operationalize the groundwater licensing regulations for groundwater extractions through deep tube wells;
  7. Review and approve the Capital Investment Plan prepared by the service provider(s) for developing the existing water services system and future expansion in the Valley and ensure necessary financial resources;
  8. Establish and operationalize an Urban Water Services Resource Center within the KVWSMB;
  9. Provide adequate investment for provision/expansion of services to the Low Income Priority Areas (LIPA);
  10. Provide and secure investment for the adequate capture and treatment of sewage, through adequate interceptors, collector mains and waste water treatment plants (WWTP) or other sanitation facilities between Bagmati in the east and Bishnumati River in the west;
  11. Develop and implement a policy on the provision and of public toilets within Kathmandu Valley; and
  12. Promote and ensure mandatory adoption of onsite sanitation and Ecosan policy wherever the city sewerage system cannot cover.

These plans/ activities will be implemented through the agreed Capital Investment Program (CIAMP) proposed by the Service provider or water utility operator, and also by direct investment from the Board where it is not covered by the approved CIAMP